Architecture, Engineering, Construction (AEC) is a very versatile and dynamic sector. Events, resources, processes associated with it are always unpredictable. This uncertainty invites prospectus of risks associated with it and seldom jeopardizes quality commitments made to clients at the time of entering into a lawful agreement. The sector is labor intensive and suffers highly from occupational risks and safety hazards unlike other sectors.
Unlike manufacturing sector, construction projects and associated products are always unique and diversified. These projects may be construction of an entire new facility or improvement/changes in existing facility. However, there still exists some element of similarity between the two sectors when certain packages have repetitive activities involved, like: (1) Casting of columns, beams & slabs of subsequent floor levels a high rise residential tower; (2) Casting of pre-tensioned girders for a long span bridge, and many such cases. Hence, proficient techniques which are being implemented as part of Production Management System (Maris et al. 2016) in manufacturing hubs can be aptly deployed here as well.
Continue reading “Complementing BIM and Lean in our AEC Industry”
As our world becomes increasingly digitized, so does our ability to connect with it. Imagine if you could search your surroundings the same way you search the web. Augmented reality(AR) is one such technology which enables us to interact with the real environment. The recent Apple keynote gave us a real sneak peek into how common augmented reality would be in the future. 10years back Apple showed us a device, which revolutionised the way how we interact with technology. And now, 10 years later, there is a high probability for AR to bring on a new revolution on how we interact with the digital world. Some of the readers of this article might have a question in their minds, “what is Augmented reality?“ Augmented reality is the real-time integration of digital information with the user’s environment. Unlike virtual reality, which creates a totally artificial environment, augmented reality uses the existing environment and overlays additional information on top of it. An explanation of augmented reality cannot be complete mentioning the reality virtuality continuum. Figure 1 represents the reality virtuality continuum as proposed by Milgram et al.(1995). It defines augmented reality in a space between a completely modeled and an un-modeled world i.e. in between a real and virtual environment.
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Dear friends, we all know pretty much about Building Information Modeling (BIM) by now. BIM over the last decade and a half has totally transformed the construction industry. The way construction industry worked during 1990’s and the way it works now is totally a contrast when one compares some aspects of designing, drawing generation, communication, collaboration, etc. So where is BIM heading to when the world of Information Technology (IT) is heading towards Artificial Intelligence (AI). Is ‘BIM’ an ‘AI’ or can it be ‘AI’?
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In India, Architecture, Engineering, Construction and Operation (AECO) industry is the second largest industry after agriculture industry. Indian AECO industry employs more than 35 million people, has second highest inflow of foreign direct investment after services sector, and contributes to about 11.1% of India’s GDP (Mohideen 2015). Recent initiatives set by Indian government, such as Make in India, is serving to grow the AECO industry. There are many mega projects undertaken recently, e.g. high-end road ways or express ways, metro train projects and proposed bullet train project between two cities of India, i.e. Mumbai and Ahmedabad. The initiation of these projects necessitates focus on various technical and non-technical aspects along with technologies, especially the infrastructure for these initiatives (Amarnath et al. 2016).
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This is a blog post on the rising demand for sustainable green buildings to reduce ecological impact and how BIM can make it easier for the construction industry.
BIM for Green Building: Workflow and Modeling Tips. As construction output continues to grow around the world, in tandem with increasing environmental concerns and the rising cost of energy, the concept of sustainable green building to reduce ecological impact is gaining ground fast. What is less well known is how Building Information Modeling (BIM) services can be used to achieve this. This post elaborates on the advantages of this and provides some BIM workflow and modeling tips (in this case related to conceptual modeling (for conceptual energy analysis) and topography modeling (for sun/shadow analysis).
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This is a blog post discussing how the construction industry can be benefitted from the integration of Autodesk BIM 360 with Building Information Modeling workflow. BIM with Autodesk BIM 360 Can Take the Construction Industry to a Completely New Level. Autodesk’s design collaboration platform BIM 360™ is sold to facilitate a plethora of functions from Design Collaboration, Document Control, Quality and Safety, Site Layout, Lean Planning, Operations and Maintenance and not least, Building Information Modeling (BIM) Coordination. Building Information Modeling (BIM) is well-defined as a process that involves creating and using a 3D digital model to inform and communicate the decisions of a construction project.
The advantages of BIM 360 for BIM Coordination (and in particular BIM 360 Glue®) and its latest features are considered more fully here to show how these aspects in particular can enable the industry to improve its game and reach a whole new level.
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There are several benefits of diffusing BIM technologies and processes with set of protocols adopted while delivering Architecture, Engineering, Construction and Operation (hereinafter AECO) projects. Few of the uses while diffusing BIM in the process of delivering building projects (well known as BIM Uses) are improved visualization, enhanced planning, accurate cost estimation, model based simulation and analysis, construction tracking, safety planning, etc. BIM Uses are the project deliverables that can be expected from the process of generating, collaborating-on and linking the building models to external databases. In simple words, the BIM Use represents the interactions between a user and a modeling system to generate building model-based deliverables (Source: The BIMe Dictionary).
For the BIM project to be successful, it is well known for the Global AECO industry that, BIM project and its deliverables are the end products which needs to be delivered by the AEC organizations to the owner organizations as expected. And, it is essential to confirm that: which are the BIM uses expected by the client? What BIM tools need to be adopted while delivering expected BIM uses? Who are the stakeholders need to be involved while delivering each of these BIM Uses? In which stage of the project does these BIM Uses delivery occur? How to deliver these BIM Uses asper client expectations? And many more questions arise that needs to be answered during the BIM project delivery.
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This is a blog post describing the integration of REVIT and Navisworks and how it can improve the Building Information Modeling workflow integration. Autodesk Revit is a Building Information Modeling (hereinafter BIM) tool for architects, structural engineers, engineers, designers and contractors. It allows users to: Design a built asset and its components in 3D; Annotate a digital model with 2D drafting elements; Access building information from the associated model’s database.
Autodesk Navisworks is used largely as a complement to 3D design packages (including Autodesk Revit, AutoCAD and MicroStation). It allows users to: open and combine 3D models; navigate them in real-time; review the digital model (via comments, redlining, viewpoint, measurement). Generally speaking Autodesk Navisworks 2018 seeks to improve connectivity and interoperability by improving BIM workflow integration, in other words collaboration, including through a focus on its compatibility with Autodesk Revit 2018. This is explored further here.
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Architecture, Engineering, Construction and Operation (AECO) is a labor-intensive industry. Compared to manufacturing sector AECO industry is yet to witness the wonders of automation at site. Construction of any built environment facility is largely dependent upon human resource at site and is indigenous to the development of any nation. It takes intensive managerial and technical expertise to come up with a quality infrastructure to serve the intended purposes. Building Information Modeling (BIM) provides huge respite from complexities arising out of management and technology. Now a days BIM is gradually becoming indispensable for carrying out any infrastructural development. Organizations across the globe are gradually incorporating BIM technology, processes and protocols in their projects (see figure 1).
Continue reading “Building Information Modeling for construction site safety planning”