Lean-BIM based Project management practice for Indian AECO Industry

Introduction

Ingenuity in management tactics nowadays is getting popular among the researchers in Project management field. Researchers are coming up with lots of updates regarding Management system with major and minor illustrates. Since last decade, the architecture, engineering, and construction (AEC) industries have observed the growth of the Lean Construction Management Systems and the rise of the Building Information Modeling (BIM). Not only individually but also in combination, they are acting as they have lots of synergy in their implementation pattern. There are numbers of case studies that show the benefits in Management functionality due to these systems. But how is that affecting the performance of Project or an organization? that is going to be the area of focus for the discussion.

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BIM for construction scrutiny and monitoring

Introduction. India is a rapidly developing country and its infrastructure development is at an extremely large scale. In the human body, it is the DNA that controls the growth and development. But, when it comes to a city it’s the municipal authorities i.e. local government that are responsible for getting the task done.  In other words, Municipal authority refers to political administration of the smallest subdivisions of a country’s territory and population.

For any construction project to be done in India, it is required to have a project sanctioning done by these municipal authorities. In order to sanction the plan, the architect prepares the layout and related data. It is later submitted for scrutiny to these municipal authorities, which either pass or reject the project proposal. With India being at its rapid pace of development, it is often found that illegal construction projects come into existence, which violate the FSI and other buildings bye-laws. On the other hand, exploitation of builders and architects at the hands of corrupt officers. 

Solution to this problem is the integration of technology in governance and private construction. Implementing latest IT techniques such as Building Information Modeling (BIM) as a mediator and a making use of this BIM platform for sanctioning, scrutiny, execution and verification can be the solution, which is well proven in the Global market. BIM can be integrated with cloud platform and a service could be developed to receive and retain clearances from government officials, here by using Digital Signatures. In this way every required document is maintained on one platform which is secure and accessible to all authorized users. 
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Building Information Modeling : Free Open Source Software Perspective

The Information Technology (IT) has been able to expand its roots to vast fields since last decade. Every profession seems to be greatly influenced by it and the Architecture Engineering Construction and Operation (AECO) industry is not left behind either. The advent of Building Information Modelling (BIM) has been a boom for this sector. Gone are the days of manual drafting and 2D CAD drawings. The philosophy of BIM has inspired many leading software vendors like Autodesk, Bentley, Trimble, Graphisoft, Nemetschek, etc to develop the modelling software based on the principles of BIM. The AECO industry professionals are very well aware of these commercial products and have adapted them in their day to day services. Majority of prevailing companies delivering CAD services have transformed themselves into BIM organizations and many new companies have also emerged in the industry with BIM tags.

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Complementing BIM and Lean in our AEC Industry

Architecture, Engineering, Construction (AEC) is a very versatile and dynamic sector. Events, resources, processes associated with it are always unpredictable. This uncertainty invites prospectus of risks associated with it and seldom jeopardizes quality commitments made to clients at the time of entering into a lawful agreement. The sector is labor intensive and suffers highly from occupational risks and safety hazards unlike other sectors.

Unlike manufacturing sector, construction projects and associated products are always unique and diversified. These projects may be construction of an entire new facility or improvement/changes in existing facility. However, there still exists some element of similarity between the two sectors when certain packages have repetitive activities involved, like: (1) Casting of columns, beams & slabs of subsequent floor levels a high rise residential tower; (2) Casting of pre-tensioned girders for a long span bridge, and many such cases. Hence, proficient techniques which are being implemented as part of Production Management System (Maris et al. 2016) in manufacturing hubs can be aptly deployed here as well.

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Augmented Reality and what it means to the Construction IT community

As our world becomes increasingly digitized, so does our ability to connect with it. Imagine if you could search your surroundings the same way you search the web. Augmented reality(AR) is one such technology which enables us to interact with the real environment. The recent Apple keynote gave us a real sneak peek into how common augmented reality would be in the future. 10years back Apple showed us a device, which revolutionised the way how we interact with technology. And now, 10 years later, there is a high probability for AR to bring on a new revolution on how we interact with the digital world. Some of the readers of this article might have a question in their minds, “what is Augmented reality?“ Augmented reality is the real-time integration of digital information with the user’s environment. Unlike virtual reality, which creates a totally artificial environment, augmented reality uses the existing environment and overlays additional information on top of it. An explanation of augmented reality cannot be complete mentioning the reality virtuality continuum. Figure 1 represents the reality virtuality continuum as proposed by Milgram et al.(1995). It defines augmented reality in a space between a completely modeled and an un-modeled world i.e. in between a real and virtual environment.

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BIM and Artificial Intelligence

Dear friends, we all know pretty much about Building Information Modeling (BIM) by now. BIM over the last decade and a half has totally transformed the construction industry. The way construction industry worked during 1990’s and the way it works now is totally a contrast when one compares some aspects of  designing, drawing generation, communication, collaboration, etc. So where is BIM heading to when the world of Information Technology (IT) is heading towards Artificial Intelligence (AI). Is ‘BIM’ an ‘AI’ or can it be ‘AI’?  

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BIM implementation in India

In India, Architecture, Engineering, Construction and Operation (AECO) industry is the second largest industry after agriculture industry. Indian AECO industry employs more than 35 million people, has second highest inflow of foreign direct investment after services sector, and contributes to about 11.1% of India’s GDP (Mohideen 2015). Recent initiatives set by Indian government, such as Make in India, is serving to grow the AECO industry. There are many mega projects undertaken recently, e.g. high-end road ways or express ways, metro train projects and proposed bullet train project between two cities of India, i.e. Mumbai and Ahmedabad. The initiation of these projects necessitates focus on various technical and non-technical aspects along with technologies, especially the infrastructure for these initiatives (Amarnath et al. 2016).

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Introduction to BIM course – Free access.

Zigurat and India BIM Association present you with the Introduction to BIM Course so you can be at the forefront of the new trends of the AECO sector.

BIM A0 is a 15-hour online course with the value of 99€ created by Zigurat. The course has been designed for architects, engineers, builders, developers and everyone interested in the new BIM (Building Information Modeling) methodology of the AECO industry. 

Click here  BIM A0 – Introduction  to get access for the BIM free course.

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Green Building and BIM Modeling Tips

This is a blog post on the rising demand for sustainable green buildings to reduce ecological impact and how BIM can make it easier for the construction industry.

BIM for Green Building: Workflow and Modeling Tips. As construction output continues to grow around the world, in tandem with increasing environmental concerns and the rising cost of energy, the concept of sustainable green building to reduce ecological impact is gaining ground fast. What is less well known is how Building Information Modeling (BIM) services can be used to achieve this. This post elaborates on the advantages of this and provides some BIM workflow and modeling tips (in this case related to conceptual modeling (for conceptual energy analysis) and topography modeling (for sun/shadow analysis). 

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Benefits of Integrating Autodesk 360 with BIM

This is a blog post discussing how the construction industry can be benefitted from the integration of Autodesk BIM 360 with Building Information Modeling workflow. BIM with Autodesk BIM 360 Can Take the Construction Industry to a Completely New LevelAutodesk’s design collaboration platform BIM 360™ is sold to facilitate a plethora of functions from Design Collaboration, Document Control, Quality and Safety, Site Layout, Lean Planning, Operations and Maintenance and not least, Building Information Modeling (BIM) Coordination. Building Information Modeling (BIM) is well-defined as a process that involves creating and using a 3D digital model to inform and communicate the decisions of a construction project.

The advantages of BIM 360 for BIM Coordination (and in particular BIM 360 Glue®) and its latest features are considered more fully here to show how these aspects in particular can enable the industry to improve its game and reach a whole new level.
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