Introduction. Introduction. As a first step towards delivering successful BIM projects, identifying the CSFs-Critical Success Factors and performing timely assessments of BIM projects is the key to reach owner’s expectation. Building Information Modeling technology, processes and protocols has been embraced in past two decades by the Global AECO industry. Effective BIM diffusion in AECO projects can bring in several paybacks to the AECO organizational stakeholders. Indian AECO organizations has realized the benefits of delivering projects by adopting BIM technology and workflows. However, it is very much essential to deliver BIM services to reach client’s expectation. As an initial step, CSFs for successfully delivering BIM must be identified. These CSFs can benefit Indian design organizations to realize what is important and thus be able to prioritize their daily activities. Continue reading “Identifying the factors that are critical for successful delivery of BIM by Design organizations in Indian AEC Industry.”
Gone are the days when Information Technology (IT) was only linked to the computers. The last two decades have shown a remarkable development of IT in our day to day lives. The aggressive use of the computers in the AEC industry has brought it to the new heights. The conventional practices have got an all new evolution since this period. Things have got more efficient and quicker than before. However, remember that we can always do better than the ones we have already done. The next big thing is the Automation which is fascinating to the people from different walks of life. This is something which has no end and always gets better with time. Self-driven cars are a beautiful example of automation with the use of Artificial Intelligence.
Ingenuity in management tactics nowadays is getting popular among the researchers in Project management field. Researchers are coming up with lots of updates regarding Management system with major and minor illustrates. Since last decade, the architecture, engineering, and construction (AEC) industries have observed the growth of the Lean Construction Management Systems and the rise of the Building Information Modeling (BIM). Not only individually but also in combination, they are acting as they have lots of synergy in their implementation pattern. There are numbers of case studies that show the benefits in Management functionality due to these systems. But how is that affecting the performance of Project or an organization? that is going to be the area of focus for the discussion.
Building Information Modeling (BIM), being one of the major developments in Architectural, Engineering, Construction and Operation (AECO) industry over the last two decades, has shifted many countries towards BIM adoption along with BIM implementation mandates in projects for contractors by Government organizations. Many countries like the United States, the United Kingdom, Singapore, China, the Scandinavian countries (Norway, Denmark, Finland and Sweden), France, South Korea, etc. have adopted BIM technology at public level projects (see figure1). Government bodies play an important role in encouraging the adoption and spreading of BIM awareness, by setting laws, developing BIM standards, creating BIM guidelines that can be taken up and implemented by private sector. Cheng and Lu (2015) has conducted an extensive review on how several countries had invested their efforts on BIM technology and workflow diffusion in their projects. For better understanding on this topic, we explore BIM adoption across the globe.
Introduction. India is a rapidly developing country and its infrastructure development is at an extremely large scale. In the human body, it is the DNA that controls the growth and development. But, when it comes to a city it’s the municipal authorities i.e. local government that are responsible for getting the task done. In other words, Municipal authority refers to political administration of the smallest subdivisions of a country’s territory and population.
For any construction project to be done in India, it is required to have a project sanctioning done by these municipal authorities. In order to sanction the plan, the architect prepares the layout and related data. It is later submitted for scrutiny to these municipal authorities, which either pass or reject the project proposal. With India being at its rapid pace of development, it is often found that illegal construction projects come into existence, which violate the FSI and other buildings bye-laws. On the other hand, exploitation of builders and architects at the hands of corrupt officers.
Solution to this problem is the integration of technology in governance and private construction. Implementing latest IT techniques such as Building Information Modeling (BIM) as a mediator and a making use of this BIM platform for sanctioning, scrutiny, execution and verification can be the solution, which is well proven in the Global market. BIM can be integrated with cloud platform and a service could be developed to receive and retain clearances from government officials, here by using Digital Signatures. In this way every required document is maintained on one platform which is secure and accessible to all authorized users.
Continue reading “BIM for construction scrutiny and monitoring”
The Information Technology (IT) has been able to expand its roots to vast fields since last decade. Every profession seems to be greatly influenced by it and the Architecture Engineering Construction and Operation (AECO) industry is not left behind either. The advent of Building Information Modelling (BIM) has been a boom for this sector. Gone are the days of manual drafting and 2D CAD drawings. The philosophy of BIM has inspired many leading software vendors like Autodesk, Bentley, Trimble, Graphisoft, Nemetschek, etc to develop the modelling software based on the principles of BIM. The AECO industry professionals are very well aware of these commercial products and have adapted them in their day to day services. Majority of prevailing companies delivering CAD services have transformed themselves into BIM organizations and many new companies have also emerged in the industry with BIM tags.
Architecture, Engineering, Construction (AEC) is a very versatile and dynamic sector. Events, resources, processes associated with it are always unpredictable. This uncertainty invites prospectus of risks associated with it and seldom jeopardizes quality commitments made to clients at the time of entering into a lawful agreement. The sector is labor intensive and suffers highly from occupational risks and safety hazards unlike other sectors.
Unlike manufacturing sector, construction projects and associated products are always unique and diversified. These projects may be construction of an entire new facility or improvement/changes in existing facility. However, there still exists some element of similarity between the two sectors when certain packages have repetitive activities involved, like: (1) Casting of columns, beams & slabs of subsequent floor levels a high rise residential tower; (2) Casting of pre-tensioned girders for a long span bridge, and many such cases. Hence, proficient techniques which are being implemented as part of Production Management System (Maris et al. 2016) in manufacturing hubs can be aptly deployed here as well.
As our world becomes increasingly digitized, so does our ability to connect with it. Imagine if you could search your surroundings the same way you search the web. Augmented reality(AR) is one such technology which enables us to interact with the real environment. The recent Apple keynote gave us a real sneak peek into how common augmented reality would be in the future. 10years back Apple showed us a device, which revolutionised the way how we interact with technology. And now, 10 years later, there is a high probability for AR to bring on a new revolution on how we interact with the digital world. Some of the readers of this article might have a question in their minds, “what is Augmented reality?“ Augmented reality is the real-time integration of digital information with the user’s environment. Unlike virtual reality, which creates a totally artificial environment, augmented reality uses the existing environment and overlays additional information on top of it. An explanation of augmented reality cannot be complete mentioning the reality virtuality continuum. Figure 1 represents the reality virtuality continuum as proposed by Milgram et al.(1995). It defines augmented reality in a space between a completely modeled and an un-modeled world i.e. in between a real and virtual environment.
Dear friends, we all know pretty much about Building Information Modeling (BIM) by now. BIM over the last decade and a half has totally transformed the construction industry. The way construction industry worked during 1990’s and the way it works now is totally a contrast when one compares some aspects of designing, drawing generation, communication, collaboration, etc. So where is BIM heading to when the world of Information Technology (IT) is heading towards Artificial Intelligence (AI). Is ‘BIM’ an ‘AI’ or can it be ‘AI’?
In India, Architecture, Engineering, Construction and Operation (AECO) industry is the second largest industry after agriculture industry. Indian AECO industry employs more than 35 million people, has second highest inflow of foreign direct investment after services sector, and contributes to about 11.1% of India’s GDP (Mohideen 2015). Recent initiatives set by Indian government, such as Make in India, is serving to grow the AECO industry. There are many mega projects undertaken recently, e.g. high-end road ways or express ways, metro train projects and proposed bullet train project between two cities of India, i.e. Mumbai and Ahmedabad. The initiation of these projects necessitates focus on various technical and non-technical aspects along with technologies, especially the infrastructure for these initiatives (Amarnath et al. 2016).